From 68kMLA Wiki
Revision as of 17:14, 12 December 2007 by Applemeister (talk | contribs) (Further fixes, plus some additions that I missed out earlier – I suspect I'll be adding some more further down the track. Screenshot and icon still to come.)
Jump to: navigation, search

DART (Disk Archive/Retrieval Tool) is a somewhat obscure disk utility capable of duplicating, and making images of, Macintosh, Lisa, Apple][, DOS, and Windows formatted floppy disks. Indeed, it is the only Macintosh disk utility that is capable of copying or making images of Lisa and Apple ][ disks.


Written by David Mutter and Ken McLeod, two software engineers working for Apple Computer, Inc., DART 1.0 was released in 1987. The final version – 1.5.3 – became available in September 1993.

Only ever released as an internal Apple application, DART remains an extremely rare Macintosh disk utility. Originally available to download from Apple's online service for employees, authorised dealers, and – later – software developers, AppleLink, it was later distributed on Apple Service Source CD-ROMs. Due to its very limited distribution, very little is known about versions prior to 1.5.x, other than DART 1.4 thinking it was infected when launched directly from the CD-ROM on a Macintosh IIfx or a Mac from the Quadra family running System 7.0.1[1].

Although a disk utility in its own right, DART was designed to work alongside Steve Christensen's more popular Disk Copy, thanks to its ability to read disk images created with said application, and could even convert DART disk image files into Disk Copy format. A specially written HyperCard stack – aptly named DART™ Converter – was used to carry out the conversion process. File and image conversion could even be done remotely over a network.

Version 1.5 was built to be 100% System 7 compatible, in that it implemented custom Apple events and allowed for the creation of disk images through the process of drag and drop: dragging files or disks and dropping them on the application's icon – something that previous versions of System Software did not feature.

Perhaps the most interesting aspect of DART 1.5 is that it was an A/UX compatible application. Very few, if any, Macintosh applications were ported to Apple's flavour of UNIX, and it is nothing short of intriguing that Apple should choose to port DART, rather than the more popular Disk Copy. Still, A/UX users weren't complaining, as they could now work with floppies formatted for no less than five different platforms.

With the decline of A/UX, and the Lisa and Apple][ having been all but forgotten, DART faded quietly into obscurity, and, on the 22nd December 1997, was all together removed from Apple's support site.[2]