Access Your Network or Internet Remotely

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If you are away from home, you can dial into your home network or internet connection remotely from a telephone landline connection!


What's Required

There are probably other, possibly easier, ways of doing this. For this particular tutorial, you will need:

Hardware

  • A 68k Macintosh (for running Apple IP Gateway)
  • A PowerPC Macintosh (for running Apple Remote Access 3.0, "ARA")
  • A computer that will dial into the network remotely, such as a PowerBook
  • A network connection between the 68k Mac, the "ARA" Mac, and the network backbone (commonly a hub, router, or switch)
  • A modem for the "ARA" Mac and the PowerBook, connected to a telephone landline

Software

  • Apple IP Gateway (other software solutions may serve as a substitute)
    • Note: Apple IP Gateway requires MacTCP, or "Classic Networking". I've been unsuccessful at getting it to work with Open Transport.
  • Apple Remote Access 3.0 Server (To be installed on the PPC Macintosh)
  • Apple Remote Access 3.0 Client (To be installed on the PowerBook)

My Setup

My Setup Diagram
For the sake of example, here's how I have things set up. Although it shows a modem connection, I have only tested it via a null-modem cable. However, it should work exactly the same when using a modem connection.
  • Apple IP Gateway - LC 575, OS 7.1, 8 MB RAM, Ethernet.
  • Apple Remote Access - Power Macintosh 5500, OS 8.6, 72 MB RAM, Ethernet, Modem.
  • Remote Machine - PowerBook 1400c, OS 8.1, 40 MB RAM, Modem.

Setup

The hardware and software settings below have been tested by myself. It is likely that other configurations will work as well.

Setting up Apple IP Gateway

Apple IP Gateway adds TCP/IP functionality to Apple Remote Access, since Apple Remote Access 3.0 does not have built-in TCP/IP support. Apple IP Gateway is also used to add TCP/IP functionality to LocalTalk networks.

Assuming that you have already set up a computer that meets the requirements for running Apple IP Gateway, install the Apple IP Gateway software. You will be asked where to install the software (I installed it in the default location, in the hard drive), and then you will be required to restart the computer.

Gateway Manager
Gateway Setup
  • Open the AppleTalk control panel. Make sure it is set to Ethernet, assuming you are on an Ethernet network.
  • Open up the Gateway Manager program in the Apple IP Gateway folder.
    1. Under the "Control" menu, click on "Set up MacTCP"
    2. Enter your TCP/IP settings accordingly.
    3. Under the "Control" menu, click on "Set up Gateway"
    4. Set up the Gateway as you wish. For the "Start of IP range" setting, I used the next IP address up from the address defined in the MacTCP control panel (192.168.1.210)

The gateway setup is complete. However, the gateway has to be running in order for IP services to work via remote connection. Therefore, I set the gateway to activate at startup, in the Gateway Settings panel.

Setting up Apple Remote Access 3.0 Server

Remote Access

Apple Remote Access allows you to dial into an AppleTalk network over the internet. It does this by encapsulating AppleTalk packets in the TCP/IP protocol. In order to use TCP/IP with version 3.0, you need Apple IP Gateway, as described in the previous section.

Assuming that you have already set up a computer that meets the requirements for running Apple Remote Access, install the Apple Remote Access software. Install will place the files in the main hard drive, and then you will be required to restart the computer.

TCP/IP Setup
Users & Groups
Answering
  • Under the Apple Menu, open Remote Access in the Control Panels submenu.
    1. Under the RemoteAccess menu, click on AppleTalk. This opens the AppleTalk control panel.
    2. In the AppleTalk control panel, make sure Ethernet is selected, assuming you are on an Ethernet network.
    3. Under RemoteAccess, click on Modem. Configure the modem settings accordingly.
  • Under RemoteAccess, click on TCP/IP. This opens up the TCP/IP control panel. This is where the Apple IP Gateway comes in.
    1. Under "Connect via", select "AppleTalk (MacIP)"
    2. Under "Configure", select "Use MacIP Server"
    3. If your network uses zones, then select it in the option below. Otherwise, close the control panel.
  • Back in the Remote Access control panel:
    1. Under RemoteAccess, click on "Users & Groups"
    2. Select your username on the left. On the right, click Open.
    3. A new window will appear. Under "Show", select "Remote Access"
    4. Make sure the checkbox "Allow user to dial into this computer" is checked.
    5. Exit out of the Users & Groups control panel.
  • Back in the Remote Access control panel:
    1. Under RemoteAccess, click on "Answering"
    2. Adjust the settings to your liking.
    3. Click OK.

Setting up the Remote Computer

Remote Access Client
Modem
  • Make sure you meet the requirements for the Apple Remote Access 3 client software.
  • If you haven't done so already, install the client software.
  • When this is complete, open the Remote Access Client folder in the Applications folder in the hard disk.
    1. Open the Remote Access Client
    2. Under the "Setup" menu, select "Modem"
    3. Configure the settings accordingly. Close the "Modem" dialog and the "Remote Access Client" control panel.
  • Under the Apple menu, go to:
    1. "TCP/IP" control panel under the "Control Panel" submenu
    2. Configure the TCP/IP settings exactly the same as the Remote Access server: "AppleTalk (MacIP), Using MacIP Server, Zone (if applicable)"
    3. Quit.
  • Return to the Remote Access Client
    1. Under "Connect As", enter your Username and Password as defined on the server in the previous section.
    2. Under "Connect To", enter the phone number of the landline that the server's modem is connected to.
    3. Click "Connect".

Summary

If the connection is successful, you should now be able to open the Chooser and see all of the AppleTalk computers and printers on your home/office network! Open up a web browser, and you should be able to connect to the internet as well!